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Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) welding is a widely used technique in welding. But creating clean and high-quality welds using this process can be challenging. There are plenty of factors to consider, including heat control, the welder’s skills, and the type of technique used. These factors can make TIG welding extra laborious, especially for beginners.
You need to understand the basic principles of this process if you are experiencing a hard time doing the proper welding techniques. Here is an extensive TIG Welding guide to help improve your skills and produce high-quality welds.
Tip #1: Use Minimum Power Source
Start with the minimum power settings. You must allow your weld puddle to have enough energy to operate right from the start of your welding activity. Remember, penetration is the basis of suitable TIG welding. So, starting with more power can burn the base metal right from the start. To avoid destroying your base metal, always keep the right power level in mind to apply the correct technique.
Tip #2: Maintain the Cleanliness of the Metals
TIG welding requires a clean metal for a more efficient job. If your metal is not spotless, it would be challenging to make a proper weld or produce a sturdy arc. Instead, you may use an angle grinder attached with a 60 or 80-grit flap disc to create a smooth and bright metal.
You do not have to clean the entire metal surface if you are pressed for time. Instead, you can concentrate on cleaning the joints where you plan to do the welding process. It is also best to use a rag for wiping the metal with acetone to get rid of all the remaining oil and grease.
Tip #3: Take Advantage of the Right Tungsten
Different surfaces need different tungsten when using a TIG welder. For example, aluminium surfaces only work with green tungsten, while red tungsten is ideal for steel. In addition, you must consider the thickness of it to know if it suits your base metal. You may check out the machine information guide to know which type of material to use.
Tip #4: Determine the Best Time for Tip Regrinding
The tungsten attached to your grinding machine develops a ball after several uses. As a result, it may affect how the machine works, so always ensure that you regrind them regularly to maintain its optimal function. Also, a low-quality tungsten arc can affect the machine’s performance. So always check if the tip is no longer as sharp as it used to so you can regrind it right away.
Tip #5: Use Proper Safety Equipment While Grinding
Beginners must always prioritise their safety to avoid unwanted accidents. While this is usually free from sparks and splatters, you must still remember that tungsten electrodes are still radioactive.
So always wear a respirator to protect your airway passage each time you use the machine. It will also help you do your welding activities in a well-ventilated place with minimal dust for added safety.
If you are still not confident handling this task, you can look for high-quality machines with all the safety features. These machines also come with all the necessary components to help make the job more convenient.